Capesize Recovery Fizzles Out (19 Mar 2019)

capesize bulk carrierOff like a light, the Capesize rebound of last week seems to have hit a wall at the start of this week with a very strong reversal of negative US$ 800-900 (or thereabouts) on the trans-Pacific RV taking those rates back into the low US$ 7,000s daily range. Few new fixtures have emerged so far this week, though that could still change by midweek, owners say. On the other hand, if the activity that helped buoy the spot markets last week doesn’t reappear quickly, there is a very good possibility that new downward corrections will start coming fast and furious. Voyage rates have remained stable so far with Brazil/ China unchanged in the area of US$ 11.9-12.0/mt. There does seem to be plenty of energy left in the Panamax markets with the positive momentum of last week pushing into this week and keeping trends bullish. TARVs look to be the most improved even as US$ 5-6,000s rates are still poor for any owners hoping to make a profit in this challenging market. Slightly more promising are front hauls, which are benefitting from a modest renaissance from South America as DOP rates ex-Brazil (open UKC-Med) are granting Kamsarmax ships upwards of US$ 16,000. Apart from the collapsing Black Sea front hauls (in a replay of the same on USG front hauls two weeks ago), Handy bulk rates remain rather steady in the Atlantic and even bullish on South America delivery. ECSA export trips are currently keeping the entire western market aloft, it would seem, with front hauls getting upwards of US$ 13,000 daily DOP to the Far East on tonnage of 58,000 dwt and even US$ 14,000 daily on Ultramax vessels exceeding 62,000 dwt. The USG/UKC trans-Atlantic trips are holding steady in the US$ 10-11,000 range on Tess 58s.

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Analysts: Handysizes Best Investment in Bulkers (15 Mar 2019)

Handysize bulkerScorpio Bulkers [SALT] sold seven ships to China Merchant Bank Financial Leasing in a sale-and-lease­back deal wherein the owner will lease the ships back from the partially state-owned bank. Scorpio says it will add US$ 60m in liquidity from the deal.

The New York-listed dry bulk company, Eagle Bulk [EGLE], was pleased to announce in its new annual report to having secured a profit in 2018, offsetting a deficit in the year before. Last year saw revenue rise by 31% thanks to gains in the dry bulk market as a whole and a rise in available ship days for its vessels (the company purchased 12 Ultramax carriers in the last two years). Company CEO Gary Vogel says Eagle Bulk plans to continue executing its fleet renewal plan. A refinancing plan in 2018 also gave the com­pany some US$ 65m in new liquidity, which helped it lower debt costs and extended maturation dates for existing loans. Revenue grew US$ 73.3m to US$ 310.1m in 2018, contributing to a new profit of US$ 12.6m in the year versus a deficit of US$ 43.8m the year before. For the first quarter of 2019, the com­pany has already secured 90% of its ship days for its fleet at an average TCE of US$ 9,124 daily. Ahead of the 2020 sulphur regulations, Eagle Bulk says it will already have 37 of its ships fitted with scrubbers. The company fleet currently consists of 47 dry bulk carriers made up of Supramax and Ultramax ships.

Investment opportunities have thinned out for the bulk carriers in the year so far with freight rates un­der pressure, but near term prospects are still well-balanced between cargo and tonnage, according to Court Smith of VesselsValue at the recent German Ship Finance Forum in Hamburg. There is, however, a negative mismatch between expected tonne-mile growth and tonnage growth for nearly every bulker size, with the exception of one, Smith said. In terms of tonne-mile growth vs. supply growth in 2019, Smith expected to see -0.9% for Capesizes, -0.7% for Panamaxes, -0.9% for Supramaxes but + 0.4% for Handysize vessels. Given the overall “positive bal­ance” in the Handysize sector, Smith recommends the smallest bulker size class as the best “top level” investment perspective for the current market.

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Panamax freights start losing traction (12 Mar 2019)

Charterer interest in Panamaxes fadesbulker 812642
Enquiry for Panamaxes has apparently dried up in the way that Cape interest dried up in late February. (p. 1)

Long haul business stays active on Ultramaxes
From WCCA, Ultramax tonnage was shown US$ 8,000 for a trip to the Med-Continent area. (p. 2)

Containership rates continue steady decline
The modest but steady downward trend in container freights remained well in place last week with an average of 4-5% lost on freights (down 4.6% on the SCFI), showing not a single positive progression in any single rate, unlike weeks past. (p. 2)

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Far East Resurgence Seen in Indonesia Rounds (18 Feb 2019)

bulk carrierAn upsurge in activity across the eastern basin has done wonders for the long-beleaguered Supramax markets with average rates for rounds up by at least US$ 500 week-on-week and, in some cases, nearly US$ 1,000 higher than a week ago. Standard rounds are trading in the US$ 6-7,000s daily on tonnage of 58,000 dwt. Indonesia rounds have been especially improved with a massive US$ 2,000 week-on-week improvement in average rates from South China to ECI, climbing into the US$ 6,000s by week’s end. Handysize markets have been comparatively more subdued than their high-flying Supramax brethren, although eastern trends have been favourable to the smaller sized segment as well. Pacific rounds via Singapore-Japan from CJK edged up into the US$ 4,000s after spending the past week in the high US$ 3,000s. Southeast Asia has been especially buoyant with tonnage of 28,000 dwt getting over US$ 6,000 daily with sugar from Thailand to Indonesia (though standard cargoes are more likely to fetch US$ 5,000s on this run). Tonnage of 38,000 dwt is securing high US$ 5,000s daily on NoPac trips to South Korea.

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Capesize owners glad to see freights stabilize (14 Feb 2019)

Slowly, it would seem that the Capesize freights are stabilizing, with the possible exception of long hauls on TARV and front haul terms, with voyages nearly all trending flat or slightly higher. Aussie voyages appear to be the most buoyant at the moment with upwards of US$ 5.3/mt being reportedly negotiated on tonnage of 170,000mt from West Australia to South China. This is around US$ 0.3-0.5/mt higher than the rate was trading at this time last week. There has been some considerable slowing in coking coal traffic from Australia to China, traders report, with customs delays causing vessels to have waiting times of up to 60 days to unload at Chinese ports. This, combined with recently disrupted operations at two coal mines in Australia, is expected to put a brake on Australian coal exports for the near term.

Falling Azov Rates as Bearish Trends Work Against Grain (1 Feb 2019)

Freights continue to fall rather precipitously in the Azov trades with owners continuously coming up short on the cargo side of the market. Owners say rates have fallen so quickly since their recent peak at the end of 2018 that they are down as much as US$ 9/mt now from that point, roughly a third, consi­dering that Azov/Marmara rates are currently in the low US$ 20s/mt on grain of 5,000mt (46′). A veri­table perfect storm of bearish conditions—extended port delays at Russian ports, the stronger rouble, increased domestic commodity demand (along with lower international demand), rising domestic prices and the fairly mild winter—are conspiring to make this winter a tougher than usual one for shipowners. Kherson/TBS has stabilized at US$ 20-22/mt.

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Pressure builds on bulker freights as cargoes lag (25 Jan 2019)

Apart from a few late-reported fixtures that emerged at the end of the week, little if any guidance is visible for the sliding freight market for Capesizes. Front haul trips have assumed the mantle of most bearish route at the moment with losses of some US$ 1,000 between Thursday and Friday taking the assessment under US$ 27,000 daily. It is difficult to measure rate levels with so few fixtures available, but suffice it to say that charterers are having a good 2019 so far.

The periodic return of Panamax activity, assisted by more Continental demand than in weeks past, still fails to shift the freight trend from its downward path. Shipowners are hoping against hope that the market’s overhang of available tonnage will finally be arrested, but as long as cargo demand can be held back, there is little likelihood of the same in the near term. Period chartering remains one highlight with upwards of US$ 10,750 daily rumoured as fixed for 5-8 months on a Kamsarmax with worldwide redel.

Atlantic delivery remains fraught for Handy bulk owners, though talk of high US$ 13,000s fixed from the Baltic to AG on Supramaxes has been encourag­ing for owners. Most new activity remains isolated within the eastern basin where Pacific round voyages have stabilized in the US$ 7,000s daily area, leaving most of the losses to the West. Indonesia rounds on Vietnam redelivery are said to have fixed APS terms at about US$ 7,000 daily on tonnage of 58,000 dwt.

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Momentum from 2018 Hoped to Continue into 2019 (9 Jan 2019)

The last few weeks of 2018 were among the best of the entire year itself for northern European short sea owners as a long-delayed recovery in freight levels finally transpired and put owners in the position of power that they had been denied for most of the preceding eleven months. Trading volumes fell sig­nificantly over the holidays with nearly all market participants away from their desks and momentum taking freights over the transom of the no man’s land between years. With real trading resuming in earnest this week, the first full business week of the year, owners are hoping that any pressure that developed over the holidays will again be relieved as market fundamentals take over once again. Colder weather conditions will surely play a part with wind and ice-related delays slowing turnaround times and shor­tening general availabilities. At any rate, southbound traffic from WCUK into the Italian Adriatic has been holding steady with freights still in the low EUR 30s/mt on general parcels of 3-5,000mt. North­bound rates from the West Med to ARAG are fetch­ing upwards of EUR 19/mt, but more likely to be in the EUR 17-18/mt unless charterers express some degree of urgency. There is a tangible sense of re­newed optimism among owners in the North Sea and Baltic Sea trades that momentum will remain on their side, at least in these early days, though they are still in desperate need of evidence of the same before it starts to look like premature hope. The westward trades from the upper Baltic into the ARAG area are fixing low EUR 20s/mt of up to EUR 21-22/mt, which is quite an improvement on the mid-high teens of EUR 16-18/mt observed just a few weeks before. Rates from the German Baltic to Ireland have been recorded up to EUR 28.5/mt on generals of 3,000mt, but at least one broker claims the average rate on this business is more likely in the area of EUR 26.5-27.5/mt. All things being equal and based on the persistently stagnant fleet growth of the Euro­pean market, any uptick in demand will most likely be immediately felt in rate levels. Owners are pray­ing that such an uptick arrives as soon as possible.

Uptick in activity fails to ignite bulker rates (4 Jan 2019)

supramax rates s.africaSome of the shine is already off of the Capesizes as the week comes to an end with the reality setting in that charterers are far from anxious to fix any major business this early in the year. As such, corrections come nearly immediately on the high-flying Pacific RVs, neutralizing the gains they made yesterday by an equal US$ 400-500 to bring them back to US$ 14,000. The rest of the market is moving more or less sideways, awaiting the first full business week.

Encouragingly active at the tail end of the week than at the beginning, Panamax fixing has still failed to turn trends around from their bearish paths. Period business has been especially prominent in the first week of the year with several short period deals (3-5 to 4-6 and 4-8 months) being concluded in the US$ 11,000s on standard tonnage and up to US$ 13,500 daily and higher on modern Kamsarmax tonnage of 82,000 dwt. The spot markets are nonetheless tepid.

If fixtures were any indication, one would think the Handy bulk is on the rebound. And that may still be the case in another day or two, but so far they in­crease in chartering activity has failed to make a dent in the resolutely downward trend of USG Supramax rates, which have fallen to US$ 26,000 daily on the benchmark for front hauls to CJK. Eastern activity has helped keep rates in the eastern hemisphere far more stable, all things considered, with mineral de­mand via Southeast Asia already taking a lead role.

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Charterers regain upper hand in freight talks (12 Dec 2018)

Panamaxes cheaper than Ultramaxes on trips from ECSAUltramax at sunset
The ECSA has been steady with Ultramaxes fixed at US$ 15,250 daily plus US$ 525,000 BB whilst Pana- maxes have been cheaper; hence chars are trying to change to Panamaxes whenever possible. (p. 1)

Eastern Handysize rates stay in the doldrums
Owners of 32,000 dwt tonnage were talking middle US$ 5,000 daily for a trip from China to USWC. (p. 1)

Scrap prices correcting as Turkish mills buy less
Spot market prices for scrap metal in Europe took a sharp fall last week in sync with falling steel prices and cooling demand to Turkish steel mills. (p. 2)

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Investment Review — Shipping VC Firm Launched (7 Dec 2018)

euros shipping investmentHong Kong bulk carrier firm, Pacific Basin, has con­cluded a US$ 40m loan facility with Danish Ship Finance, it announced last week. The facility, in­tended for seven years duration, is an extension of the company’s existing loan agreement with DSF and will be secured by the same 19 ships under the initial facility. Pacific Basin says that the new facility was achieved at a competitive interest rate and will go to improve the company’s financial flexibility.

Scorpio Bulkers and Tankers have upgraded their plans for extensive installation of scrubbers across their fleets with the stated intention of “practically all” of its owned and chartered Kamsarmax and Ultramax ships. Scorpio Bulkers fleet amounts to 56 owned and chartered vessels of which 19 are Kam­sarmaxes and 37 are Ultramaxes. With initial plans for open-loop scrubbers, eventually to be upgraded up to closed-loop units, overall investment will add up to US$ 42.4m for Scorpio Bulkers (28 vessels) and US$ 79.6m for Scorpio Tankers (52 vessels).

Having found shipping as one of the last frontiers of digitalisation, Hamburg-based TecPier has launched as an investment organisation to discover start-ups to support with funding, operational resources and networking with established industrial partners in the maritime sector. The company plans to invest mainly in start-ups in the pre-seed and seed phases to guide young companies in their early develop­ment phase. TecPier has formed partnerships with Zeaborn Group, BitStone Capital and Inno Real with shareholders in VC and shipping. Founding partner, Johannes Winkler, says TecPier has found over 150 start-ups with real potential for investment and de­velopment in the arena of shipping digitalisation.

Secondhand bulkers remain very undervalued, says Martin Rowe, head of Clarksons Platou, given their earnings potential. The current price for a ten-year-old Capesize, said Rowe at a maritime conference in Hong Kong, is some 30-50% of what it should be.

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Capesize Rates Collapse Following Early Week Rally (30 Nov 2018)

CapesizeThey had a good run, but looking at the declines that have hit the Capesizes at the end of the week, it would seem like classic over-correction being swiftly neutralized following a false dawn of spot market recovery. No route is spared with Pacific round voy­ages—appropriately, considering their oversized im­provements—taking the worst of the decline, losing more than US$ 2,000 to settle in the high teens of US$ 17-18,000. Front haul trips, meanwhile, slip into the mid US$20,000s of about US$ 25,000 daily after fading from the high US$20,000s set at mid­week. Voyages have also come under heat as West Aussie rates to China slide to just above US$ 8/mt and Brazil/China voyages fall under US$ 17.5/mt.

If not quite at a boiling point, Panamaxes continue enjoying positive sentiment pushing rates higher yet with TARVs now likely to trade at US$ 14,000 daily (or just below) on early December dates, much improved from the US$ 13,000s of last week and weeks before. Pacific RVs are also holding to just over US$ 9,000 daily on standard 72-76,000 dwt tonnage with a notable upside still very much in place. Front hauls stabilized at around US$ 20,000 daily with slight improvements still more likely than slight discounts. Rumours abound with a market still in flux: period rates, while not taking the market by storm, are still fixed on a regular basis. There is one small Panamaxes (rumoured to be 62,000 dwt) fixed at US$ 19,500 for medium period ex-Veracruz on worldwide redelivery. Nickel ore runs on similar sizes (64-66,000 dwt) from South China have been secured at US$ 8,250 daily via Indonesia and back.

Period chartering seems to be returning to some degree to the Handy bulk sector with US$ 8-9,000 rates being done on Tess 52 tonnage from Southeast Asia on worldwide redel (3-5 months of trading). The big story in the Atlantic remains the USG with US$ 26,000 the newest high water market set for front hauls on Tess 58 ships. In the East, inter-Pacific trips are also fetching middle-high US$ 8,000s with such rates seen on 52-56,000 dwt ships from NoPac booked for trips south to Vietnam or Thailand.

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Handy Brokers Bullish on South Africa for December (20 Nov 2018)

Capesize freights start the week in limbo south africa bulker
Starting the week on an undecided, Capesizes trend largely sideways with only the Pacific RVs taking any considerable damage, losing only US$ 200-300 to settle in the mid US$ 8,000s. (p. 1)

Promising signs for Handies via South Africa
South African brokers expect a rush for tonnage for first half December dates, which already has inspired owners of a 56,000 dwt open ECI to indicate her for a South African RV at US$ 13,000 daily. (p. 2)

Modest uptick in box rates on USEC redelivery
More influential was the Shanghai-to-USEC route, up 3.5% week-on-week to hit US$ 3,739/FEU while the corresponding USWC redel (20% of the SCFI) fell by 1.8% to trade at US$ 2,529/FEU. (p. 2)

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BMTI Handy Bulk Market Viewpoint (13 Nov 2018)

In the US Gulf, owners are grappling with weaken­ing demand with petcoke charterers rating a 56,000 dwt at US$ 16,000 daily versus owners’ rate of US$ 18,000 daily for a trip to East Med. Even Ultramax tonnage is rated below US$ 20,000 by petcoke char­terers. A 28,000 dwt has been fixed from Rio Haina for a 15-day local employment at about US$ 12,000 daily. And owners of 1984-built, 42,000 dwt vessel must consider themselves lucky to have been given the opportunity to fix her from Atlantic Columbia to North Spain at around US$ 15,500 daily. From the ECSA, front haul rates for Ultramax ton­nage are hovering at around US$ 15,500 daily plus US$ 550,000 BB. The midterm future for Handysize tonnage sounds promising. With a new crop coming on stream, coastal business has already been given a boost that brokers expect to be extended to trans-Atlantic business for which rates of around US$ 18-20,000 for 36-40,000 dwt tonnage sounds realistic.

The East has not been very generous with the own­ers, who are aghast at the numbers that they are seeing, which has already led a couple of owners to contemplate ballasting to the Atlantic, which for eco tonnage may be an option whereby bunkers costs are more bearable than for other less eco tonnage. The owners of a 58,000 dwt ship were proposed around US$ 6,750 daily for the first 44 days to be followed with US$ 10,250 daily for the balance up to six months. Handy charterers did not hesitate to propose US$ 7,000 daily on a 38,000 dwt for a trip from P.I. to the PG, which the owners turned down asking above US$ 10,000 daily. Coal charterers were rating other similar tonnage at US$ 9,500 daily for a trip from P.I. via Indonesia to China with coal.

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Panamax owners hopeful for Q4 rebound (07 Nov 2018)

Bearish trends continue to bite in Handy market panamax
Gravity has started to weigh heavier on Handy bulk at midweek with declines most notable on the long hauls into the Far East with ECSA delivery to North China losing some US$ 100-300 since Monday to settle at US$ 17,000 on modern Ultramaxes. (p. 1)

Hope remains in place for Panamax owners
Panamax shipbrokers are cautiously optimistic that market conditions will remain stable, hoping for an end-of-the-year spike. (p. 1)

Enduring dryness threatens European waterways
Continuing and historically high dry conditions across Europe have seen water levels drop such that key waterways have started to reroute traffic or stop it altogether. (p. 2)

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Cape Rates Hit Multi-Month Highs Even as Fixing Slows (31 Oct 2018)

Capesize voyages enjoy solid weekly gains capesize bulker
New voyages on 150,000mt from South Africa to ARAG, for instance, have climbed into the range of US$ 9.7/mt, which is around US$ 2/mt higher than only a week previous. (p. 1)

Continued stability in Black Sea Handy bulk
The Black Sea remains relatively stable with grain charterers seeing US$ 24-25/mt for 30,000mt ex-Novo to Dunkirk, whilst talking US$ 23/ mt. (p. 1)

Coasters: New optimism in Baltic-based trades
Rates between the German Baltic and ARAG have edged into the area of US$ 14/mt in both directions with talk that US$ 15/mt is already in talks for late next week on upper Baltic delivery. (p. 2)

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Legacy Shipping Banks Continue to Unwind Non-Performing Loans

euros in stacksA number of shipping banks issued their quarterly reports in the past week. DNB of Norway said its most recent quarterly report that it had to impair US$ 31m (NOK 261m) of loans in its shipping portfolio even as it reported a general positive turn of events in the third quarter of 2018. The bank reported that its shipping loans have seen stable development in the quarter while past im­pairments have been reversed. The bank has a total US$ 7.1 billion (NOK 56 billion) in loans to the shipping industry, mostly in tankers, but also in bulk, gas and containerships as well. Nordea said this week that it has reduced its loans and provisions to shipping and offshore in Q3 by nearly EUR 1.5m vs. Q3 of 2017, leaving them at approximately EUR 8.5 billion at present, also a EUR 300m drop from Q2. The bank saw after-tax earnings EUR 684m in the quarter, albeit about 18% lower than a year ago. DZ Bank is continuing its selloff and break-up plans for DVB Bank. The plan is to first sell DVB’s aviation and land-transport divisions before finding a buyer for its core shipping finance business. Analysts spec­ulate that it may follow a path similar to Commerz­bank, which had its shipping core wound down in a series of portfolio sales, loan repackaging and amort­isation. The German bank currently holds about EUR 7.2 billion in shipping loans, which is none­theless down from the EUR 12.5 billion a year ago. German shipping banks have successfully reduced their exposure to shipping non-performing loans (NPLs) of late, says Moody’s Investors Services, not­ing that their exposure in percentage of Tier 1 capital is now around 60% compared to 100% in 2015.

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Handy Bulk Viewpoint from BMTI (19 Oct 2018)

Despite an overall widespread buoyant sentiment some brokers are warning that Supra-Ultra rates off the Continent could be facing a downturn from an already comparatively low level. On the other hand, Ultramax tonnage was concluded at US$ 18,000 per day from North France via West Med to West Africa, whilst scrap charterers do not need to pay more than around US$ 13,000 daily for trips into the Med. Handysize tonnage of 37-39,000 dwt has been fixed at US$ 12,000 daily to the ECSA and at US$ 11,000 daily to the US Gulf, respectively. A 37,000 dwt was recently fixed at US$ 12,000 daily into the Med…. Subscribe to the BMTI Daily Report to read the rest of this article.

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BMTI Far East Handy Bulk – Week in Review (8 Oct 2018)

Coal freights on a 52,000 dwt Newcastle/Huangpu

A week of holidays in the Far East had a notable impact on dampening activity throughout the Pacific and Indian Ocean trade areas. Freights, however, remained miraculously solid and, in some cases, even mildly bullish with Pacific rounds fetching upwards of US$ 11,750 daily on modern Ultramax tonnage in the 58-62,000 dwt range. Such rates are as much as US$ 100-200 higher than a week ago, suggesting that charterers are willing to pay a little bit extra if only to secure employment before they rush off to the holidays. Period activity has been somewhat mixed but still present with larger Ultra­maxes of 60-64,000 dwt fetching up to US$ 15,500 daily on medium period deals for 4-6 months and 5-8 months of trading on worldwide redelivery. Indo­nesia rounds were also steady and barely shifted over the past week with the Tess 58 vessels fixing US$ 12,500-12,750 daily spot rates on trips from South China via Indonesia to EC India and as much as US$ 13,000 daily to WC India. Chartering activity is nonetheless subdued, and owners are hoping the week ahead will put an end to the dry spell as bro­kers and traders return to full business engagement. Like the larger Supramaxes and Ultramaxes, Handy­size activity was largely limited and sporadic across the eastern basin with holidays taking some of the blame. Freights were also largely unmoved in the past week with the lack of business contributing to a general holding pattern that kept the market in limbo until traders resumed their work. Freights for 28,000 dwt ships from Southeast Asia to NoPac via Australia continue to achieve about US$ 8,200 daily, just as they did at the end of September.

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New Publication: Short Sea on the Move (2018 Edition)

BMTI is pleased to announce publication of the updated and expanded edition of SHORT SEA ON THE MOVE, our industry standard overview of the European short sea market in all its facets and complexities. Boasting a wide range of exclusive information, data analysis, regional studies, trade patterns, orderbook tables, fleet statistics and market forecasts—among much more—this study belongs on the desk of every serious market player in the European coaster industry. ORDER YOUR COPY TODAY

Insert Short Sea on the Move

Dry Bulk Market – Shipbroker Overview (18 July 2018)

Through all the ups and downs and inter-week vol­atility, it seems that Capesize freights have finally climbed to new year-to-date highs, proving that the bullishness is hardly a temporary fluke but rather a underlying feature of a newly confident spot market. With China/Brazil RVs reaching US$ 23,000 daily, the highest level this year so far, and the equivalent voyages hitting similar highs of US$ 22.6/mt, this summer is shaping up to be a very generous one for the biggest bulkers. Pacific rounds have seen even stronger improvements of US$ 1,000 at midweek, taking the assessment into the US$ 22-23,000 daily range and giving shipowners cause for celebration.

Even as the Pacific Panamaxes lag behind, improve­ments have been strong enough in the West to add to the BPI reaching its highest level in four months and owners looking for upgrades where they would not have dared just two weeks ago. Robust demand for coal to India, in the midst of monsoon season no less, has contributed to tightening tonnage in the Indian Ocean even as it hasn’t been enough to close the gap on available tonnage yet and drive rates up­ward. Indo rounds are still fetching US$ 11-12,000 daily on HK delivery to ECI on Kamsarmax tonnage.

Supramax rates South Africa to India

Handysizes have been rebounding in the Atlantic basin with average trans-Atlantic freights on 28,000 dwt tonnage reaching the five-digit range of the low-middle US$ 10,000s on ECSA trips to the Continent and up to US$ 12,000 on the same run with 38-42,000 dwt vessels. Handysizes from the USG have been securing high US$9,000s on NCSA redel while the rest of the Atlantic is more hit or miss. Front hauls ex-Black Sea to the Far East have revived of late with US$ 18,500 daily now doable on a Tess 58.

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BMTI’s Continental Broker — Handy Bulk Viewpoint (12 July 2018)

handysize 185The chartering community is closely watching the upward rally in the Black Sea area. Charterers were bidding Ultramaxes US$19,000 daily versus owners testing number of US$ 22,000 daily. Given this, one wonders where this development might lead to. Based on a steady demand, rate levels could reach US$ 30,000 daily, which then in turn would attract ballasters from North Africa and Red Sea, to name just a few areas. Inevitably other areas will benefit such as Continent from where charterers need to pay rates stopping owners from ballasting straight to the Med, which is only a couple of days away. It can be taken for granted that the next reported front haul fixture will be above US$ 20,000 daily. Grain rates to Saudi Arabia for 60,000mt are likely head towards US$ 25/mt. In sharp contrast Supra tonnage can still be fixed at US$ 6,500 daily for a trip to the US Gulf.

From ECSA Ultramax tonnage was traded around US$ 12,500-13,000 daily for a trip to the US Gulf. Supramax rates to the Continent-Med are still dis­appointingly weak hovering at around US$ 13,000 daily. The front haul runs have been done at rates of around US$ 14,500 daily plus US$ 450,000 BB for Ultramaxes. Tonnage of 35,000dwt has been offered US$ 10,000 daily from North Brazil to the Baltic. From the USG, the Centurion fixture at US$ 20,750 daily to WCCA, if correctly reported, looks like a promising figure and looks as if the market is in the process of changing direction for Ultra-Supramax tonnage. Handysizes are more difficult to cover with tonnage ballasting from the USEC to the US Gulf.

The market in the East has taken a painful direction for owners with nickel ore charterers getting away with rates below US$ 10,000, which is very disturb­ing. Ultramaxes were traded at around US$ 12,500-13,000 for 4-6 months trading with a lower rate for the first 30 days to reflect the poor spot market. Handysizes are holding steady whilst owners’ bull­ishness is met with calm by charterers. Despite sev­eral owners holding out for US$ 10,500-11,000 for a NoPac RV there is always the possibility to find tonnage of 33-36,000 dwt below US$ 10,000 as happened. CIS charterers were seeing 37,000 dwt at US$ 9,500 daily from North China via CIS to P.I.

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Dry Bulk Commodity News (July 5, 2018)

Black Sea grain producers have been showing mixed results so far this year. An ongoing dry period throughout the region could adversely impact the harvest in 2018 with experts saying it may affect Ukraine’s harvest by as much as 50%. Russia recently revealed that its exports over the past 12-month period amounted to 51.2 Mt, a 48% increase from the previous season. Russia conversely expects to see lower results this year with domestic agriculture agencies estimating the crop will be as much as 15% lower this year than last year due to poor weather conditions. Last year’s 134 Mt harvest was an all-time record and unlikely to be bested in the near term. Reductions in volume this year may be even lower than previously expected with analysts Sov­Ekon having reduced their estimates for the year from 200 Mt to 124 Mt. IKAR reduced its estimates for the Russian grain crop from 117 Mt to 114 Mt.

Strong consumption of coal in Asia has boosted de­mand for Australian thermal coal this year, this week pushing the spot price for prices at Newcastle to US$ 120/mt FOB, the highest they’ve been in six years. Demand has been brisk to China, which con­tinues to burn coal for power and industry, as well as Japan, which buys 40% of Australia’s total thermal coal exports for its own utilities. The price surge has been further exacerbated by limited supply from mines, many of which have closed or wound down operations in recent years, even as the summer months are demanding more power consumption due to rising cooling requirements around the globe.

The EU is to make a ruling on whether to lift anti-dumping duties on Russian ammonium nitrate following the results of two interim revives on AN duties on Russian exported product last year. The results are expected in early-mid August. At issue is a current duty on Russian AN, which is considered significantly cheaper than European AN, with duties ranging from EUR 24/mt to EUR 47/mt, depend­ing on trade conditions. One argument for lifting the duties would be providing cheaper fertilizer costs for European farmers. The first AN anti-dumping meas­ures were issued in 1995 and have been intermit­tently reinstated at different periods ever since.

Prices for Turkish scrap imports remained largely stable in the past week after a period of increasing in the last weeks of June. There are reports, however, that at least one buyer of auto bundle scrap increased its buy price to about US$ 331/mt FOB last week.

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BMTI Dry Bulk Overview (July 3, 2018)

dry bulk terminalWith markets in flux, resource prices shifting and sentiment turning around among the biggest bulk­ers, there is reason to expect a robust recovery in Capesize rates. On the other hand, we’ve been here before and rather few are convinced that any sustain­able rebound is behind the current bounce. None­theless, day-on-day gains of US$ 1,000 across the board are injecting the market with a sense of opti­mism as TARVs move toward US$ 21,000 daily. Period deals have been getting fixed in the low US$ 20,000s with at least one medium period deal hav­ing exceeded US$ 23,000 daily on a 180,000 dwt.

Tentatively, Panamaxes start the week with freights ever so vaguely trending in owners’ favour even as it remains exceedingly clear that markets are still rather indecisive as to where rates will go in July. Business activity is higher than it has been for some time, at any rate, especially for the start of the week, so this was taken as a positive sign by the more optimistic owners. Period business, as with Capes, has accel­erated of late with short periods at US$ 13,000 plus.

There are mixed reports from the Black Sea about Handy bulk business, but we are hearing from some traders that front haul trips are poised for improve­ment as freights of US$ 15,000 daily move into the US$ 16,000s for middle-July dates. The Atlantic is nevertheless rather calm if compared to its eastern counterpart as Southeast Asia starts showing signs of recovery with handful of northbound trips in the US$ 11,000s daily on modern Ultramax tonnage.

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Short Sea: Falling Bunkers Lower Costs on Summer Freight

Baltic Westward Rates[27 JUNE 2018] With both European holidays and sluggish summer industrial trends setting in, pressure continues to grow on rates in the northern short sea markets even as owners manage to keep discounts limited. Oper­ating costs, as always the basement level for rates to fall, have themselves taken a hit in recent weeks with bunker prices having progressively fallen, giving owners one fewer negotiating tool in keeping rates steady, if not higher. Freights in the high teens of EUR 17-18/mt on the Baltic westward routes from Balticum to ARAG (based on 3,000mt general cargo parcels) have moved slowly but surely into the mid teens of EUR 15-16/mt on the same run, brokers report. ECUK cargoes of 5,000mt are still securing around EUR 10-12/mt, depending on terms, to ARAG. Southbound spot freights remain relatively more attractive as southern European trade regions continue to attract higher activity and firmer rates than their northern counterparts. Agri-prods with stowage of 44-48′ are seen fetching EUR 24-26/mt, traders report, on business from the Upper Baltic to the French Mediterranean, more or less unchanged from rates on the same run since late May. Similar rates are reported as concluded on WCUK/Marmara business. Northbound rates from the Spanish Med to ARAG are fetching high teens of EUR 16-18/mt on mid-size parcels of 5,000mt while the same to the Upper Baltic is getting as high as EUR 22/mt. Upper Baltic to Ireland is still in the lower EUR 20s/mt, we are told, with owners keeping charterers at bay with EUR 21/mt as the lowest offer accepted.

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BMTI’s Continental Broker — Handy Bulk Viewpoint (22 June 2018)

HandysizeBrokers have been surprised by the huge number of fixtures reported, detrimental to the market’s performance. The Continent appears steady for Handies. Scrap charterers took 30,000 dwt ton­nage at US$11,000 daily to the East Med, grain char­terers were rating 35,000 dwt tonnage at US$ 9,500 daily to cover Rouen/Algeria. A similar rate this size of vessel should be worth for a trip to the US Gulf.

The Black Sea remains dispiriting with grain charter­ers trying to undercut last-done fixtures. From West Africa, Chinese log charterers keep searching for logger types and even Supramax tonnage to carry logs to China at levels around US$ 12-13,000 daily for 36-38,000 dwt tonnage and around US$ 13-14,000 for Supramax tonnage, respectively. The ECSA trade region has been slow with coastal charterers trading a 34,000 dwt vessel at around US$ 9,500 daily for 2 laden legs. The US Gulf re­mains disappointing for Handysize owners whilst the larger sizes keep thriving, with a 52,000 dwt taken for an inter-Caribbean employment at US$ 13,750 daily, and a similar size was fixed to Japan at a very good US$ 19,000 daily. Another 57,000 dwt was taken for a trip to the Med at US$ 15,500 daily. Handysize tonnage has been offered at just below US$ 30/mt for a grain cargo to Pisco, Peru, which looks very high in comparison with a rate of US$ 26/mt that was indicated for a 30,000mt cargo from Montreal to WCCA, which according to shipbrokers equates to something around US$ 12,500 daily. South African brokers have been talking of a fairly quiet week with Supramax rates to India hovering at around US$ 12,250 daily plus US$ 235,000 BB. An Ultramax vessel was done to China at an APS rate of US$ 13,500 daily plus US$ 350,000 BB. An okay rate of US$ 11,750 daily was conceded to owners of a 57,000 dwt Dolphin type vessel for a Mombasa round voyage with delivery and redelivery Richards Bay. Just recently an Ultramax was taken for a trip to the US Gulf at US$ 10,500 daily. Handysize charterers, who have been actively fish­ing for Handysize rates for a trip to the East, were told about the rather punchy freight of US$ 14,000 daily by the owners of a 36,000 dwt vessel.

The East has been suspiciously quiet, which either means that charterers are taking a breather and plan to return to the market next week or that the market is changing direction. Salt charterers have been rating a high consumer 35,000 dwt at US$ 8,500 daily for an Australian round voyage with delivery Singapore.

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BMTI Dry Bulk Overview (19 June 2018)

Panamax bulkerVery little in the way of trend or market movement was sensed at the start of the week for Capesize rates with traders playing hard to get on both sides of the fence. Given the utter lack of tangible activity, rate assessments wasted no time in slipping with nearly all rates trending either sideways or down. Perhaps most decreased were the front haul freights from the UKC, losing US$ 200 day-on-day to US$ 33,500. Panamaxes were arguably the busiest bulker sector at the start of the week, thanks in no small part to overflow from last week’s watershed activity, but even so there was little for the market to hang its hat on looking ahead. Trans-Atlantic RVs have become a victim of the current indecisiveness, dropping more than US$ 300 on average rates to close in the US$ 11-11,500 daily range on shipments of 72-76,000 dwt from the Continent. The Indonesia rounds have been hovering in the US$ 13-14,000 daily range. A group of countries—Malaysia, Philippines, Thai­land, Vietnam and Pakistan—will pick up the slack in lost coal demand in the next few years, says Drewry, with Malaysia and Thailand increasingly dependent on imports for coal usage. Philippines and Vietnam are likely to see slow growth in domestic coal output, meaning increased imports in the near term. As such, Southeast Asia will con­tinue to draw the focus of Pacific coal transport growth away from China.

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BMTI’s Dry Cargo Market Viewpoint (11 June 2018)

Sentiment has taken over the Capesizes, but in the positive way that owners have no problem with accepting even as the party looked like it might have ended by the weekend. With losses of US$ 1,000 seen on the Pacific rounds on Friday and average rates slipping back into the high teens of US$ 18-19,000 daily, there is speculation that a new bearish cycle could be awakening. On the other hand, we have seen such short-lived corrections before, and owners hope this is the case this time as well. Brazil/China voyages had been pushing toward US$ 20/mt, but no it would seem that any owner who managed to fix above US$ 19/mt in the recent fren­zy should consider themselves fortunate. TARVs have levelled out in the US$ 17-18,000 daily range.

Period TCs really is the name of the game for the Panamaxes at this point with a resurgence of activity in long-term time charters having forced charterers to show their cards and put upwards of US$ 14,500 daily and higher on medium period deals on 82,000 dwt vessels via Southeast Asia. Short period on the standard tonnage is also going for strong rates in the US$ 13,500 daily vicinity on 3-5 months of trading, though some brokers say the enthusiasm has cooled a bit on period charters. North Atlantic-positioned owners say that open tonnage is tightening there.

Even with much of Europe in Athens for Posidonia, the loss of Handy traders seemed to have had little negative impact on trading on the other side of the Atlantic with the USG revival full steam ahead and upwards of US$ 300 added to front hauls and UK-Continent redelivery rates from the USG on Ultramax vessels hitting rates in excess of US$ 20,000 daily and US$ 15,250 daily, respectively, with no let up in sight.

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Short Sea: Baltic Owners Settle in for Summer Season (06 June 2018)

short sea mapThe summer market has begun in earnest and is turning rather quiet in June after a relatively robust May. Brokers and owners note that even with the modest slump in the past few weeks, rates have enjoyed a solid year-on-year improvement thanks in part to a ‘fantastic’ winter period that was far better than historically the norm. The fertilizer season is over in the north, for all intents and purposes, giving less urgency to agri-prod markets and the Baltic Sea and North Sea markets at large. More vessels are spot than in weeks past and charterers are starting to feel their negotiating power grow. With the bottom yet to be reached (perhaps getting closer by end-June), bunker prices are the new ‘red line’ deciding just how far owners will be willing to compromise on rates yet still cover their operating costs. With a growing upside on oil prices, due to supply concerns from Iran, and the fact that bunkers are now up some 25% from March, rising bunker prices would be the one countering factor owners may have in their arsenal to offset unlimited rate erosion.

Rates are down by some EUR 3/mt on average compared to the winter and there is a growing possibility that they will start falling more sharply if June remains as quiet as it seems to be now. On the plus side, we are told that more charterers are looking for time charter period contracts, which is already unusual for the European market, but also indicates that charterers feel as if the market could very well start improving after the summer and remains in a modest bullish mode in the current supercycle. The persistent lack of tonnage in the European short sea market, thanks to a nearly nonexistent newbuilding programme, ensures that freights will likely bounce back as soon as the slightest uptick in transport demand is per­ceived. For the moment, however, bearish trends are likely to gain force. Barley cargoes of 3,000mt have been reported from Denmark to Rotterdam at EUR 15.75/mt. Peas of 3,800mt have been secured from the Upper Baltic to Rouen at EUR 24/mt. General cargoes, as per BMTI’s benchmark westward route implies, are getting high teens of EUR 17-18/mt on 3,000mt parcels from Klaipeda to ARAG. Fertilizers of 2,000mt have secured very strong rates of EUR 39-41/mt from St. Petersburg to Koper. Traders wonder if this is an exceptional rate or a new bench­mark. SCUK general cargoes are fixing around EUR 11-12/mt on 3,000mt to ARAG. Owners are ready to dig in for the summer, hoping last-done rates stay as the lowest bar for new freights going forward.

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BMTI’s Continental Broker: Handy Bulk Viewpoint (30 May 2018)

The summer lull is spreading all over the Atlantic market with the exception of the Continent-Med area, which is still pretty stable with rates holding or even improving for some trades. Scrap charterers had to agree to US$ 12,500 daily on a 57,000 dwt ship for a trip to the East Med. The US$ 15,000 daily agreed on a TESS 58,000 last week for a front haul run is low in comparison, but finds its explanation in that the owners’ option for a front haul was next to non-existent and thus they had to bite the bullet. Fertilizer charterers were seeing tonnage of 55,000 dwt at US$ 11,000 daily for a trip to Nigeria.

Handysize tonnage is getting more expensive with owners of 33-36,000 dwt talking US$ 12,000 daily to the Mediterranean versus the charterers’ rate of US$ 10,000-10,500 daily. The Black Sea is still con­sidered by some players to be an okay market with 33-36,000 dwt fixable at US$ 7,500 daily for trips back to the Continent, which considering the sum­mer lull, is considered not bad at all. Front haul for Supras is still hovering around US$ 15,000 daily. A good number of early unfixed vessels remains the major issue in the NCSA-USG area. From WCSA, a major trading house decided to put in their own tonnage to cover a cargo to the Med for which spot market tonnage was offered at US$ 14-15,000 daily. Trading from the Brazil is hampered by the truck drivers’ strike. Cargoes are not getting in an out of the ports. Bunker supply is being affected as well. Thus, tonnage of 34,000 dwt has been traded at US$ 9,000-10,000 daily for a trip to the Continent-Med. Owners of a 57,000 dwt were talking US$ 13,000 daily plus US$ 300,000 BB for a trip to Chittagong, which is a true reflection of the market’s poor state.

The East is a rough patch for spot tonnage, with hardly any fixable cargo around. Clinker charterers were bidding 35,000 dwt tonnage US$ 8,500 daily for a trip to P.I., but decided instead to go for larger tonnage. Owners of a 35,000 dwt vessel failed to attract charterers at US$ 10,000 daily for 2-3 laden legs with spot delivery in China, and an owner of a 32,000 dwt vessel wants a rate of US$ 9,500 daily for a trip to Southeast Asia. Prospects seem to have improved for June loaders for which several cargoes have already been emerging and thus supporting owners’ stance not to back down yet.

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